The world of cosmetology is diverse, and there are many skills cosmetology students learn that help them build successful careers including anatomy. You may dream about working at your community salon, opening your own salon, or working at a luxurious spa. It all begins with a vocational school program in cosmetology that teaches you skills you need to serve clients as well as grow as a professional in the beauty world.
Why Does Someone Become a Cosmetologist?
Future licensed cosmetologists begin their journey at school, following a passion for beauty in its many art forms. You may enjoy a job as a cosmetologist if:
- Passionate about hair, nails, makeup, and fashion.
- Value beauty in wellness and want to help people look and feel their best.
- Already love helping friends and family with their style.
- Makeup and beauty are your favorite hobbies, and you could easily see yourself focusing on them full-time.
A cosmetologist can be anyone, and one of the reasons so many are drawn to the field is that they recognize beauty as a celebration of self-expression and individuality. By learning fundamental and advanced techniques from leading teaching professionals in the field, you become equipped to uplift others through your own talents.
What Do You Learn in Cosmetology School?
A cosmetology program covers all the fundamental areas of the field, which include hair cutting, coloring & styling, nail care, manicures & pedicures, all types of makeup as well as anatomy and physiology.
In addition to learning how to shampoo, color, cut and style hair in a variety of ways, you also learn about different makeup styles, including everyday looks, runway makeup and special event makeup. Every skill is supported by a larger education, and the two most important fields you will learn are anatomy and physiology.
Why Is It Important to Study Anatomy in Cosmetology?
Anatomy is the study of the body’s structure while physiology is the study of the body’s interactive systems and processes. You may think such scientific fields aren’t necessary for a cosmetologist, but this is far from the truth.
Learning about anatomy teaches you how the hair and nails grow, how skin is affected by different products and the best way to prevent the spread of infection and disease. You also learn how the body’s immune system responds to different pathogens, including signs of allergic reactions to various types of beauty and makeup components.
Anatomy and physiology for cosmetologists study the body’s 12 systems to learn about skin health and care, hair growth, nail disorders and diseases, hair removal and more. The interaction between the body and beauty services impacts the way a cosmetologist performs their jobs.
Beauty Is Skin Deep
True beauty lies within a person, but for a cosmetologist, skin matters. The appearance of someone’s skin, including its type and texture, play a large role in the care they take when suggesting products and applying makeup on a client. Some clients may suffer from burns, rosacea, cystic acne, eczema, and other conditions that impact what type of products they can use.
During an anatomy course, you learn that the skin contains three layers. The epidermis is the top layer, which we physically see. This is the layer that you apply makeup and facials to. It acts as a waterproof barrier, protecting the body from all the different types of bacteria it encounters. The epidermis protects the dermis, which is directly underneath and holds sweat glands, hair follicles and connective tissue. Finally, there is the hypodermis, which is made of fat and more connective tissues.
A cosmetologist understands that what is visible is only part of the picture. The top layer of skin is affected by what is occurring beneath the surface. This knowledge helps them recognize potential reactions to different chemicals that may negatively affect the skin.
Identifying signs of an allergic reaction and knowing how to respond also comes from an understanding of the skin system and its role in cosmetology. A strong understanding of anatomy and physiology, from a beauty perspective, gives you the ability to protect your clients’ health and bring them a sense of safety in your presence.
Hair Growth, Loss and Removal
Knowing how to cut hair is not simply about learning techniques. Hair cutting & styling is also influenced by an understanding of hair structure, the growth cycle, and different types of hair loss.
Hair structure is one of the earliest subjects cosmetology students learn. Every hair you see on someone’s head grows from its own individual place called a follicle. These follicles are highly sensitive, and there is a bulb in each one that contains the growth cells for each strand of hair.
During an anatomy course, you will learn that there are three layers to the hair shaft, the hair that emerges from the scalp. It is made of the same material as nails, a strong protein called keratin. Keratin production is heavily impacted by a person’s diet. Protein, biotin, and vitamin A are the most essential nutrients for healthy hair and nails.
Hair Loss and Removal
Hair loss can be caused by high levels of stress, hormonal imbalances, nutritional deficiencies, or an autoimmune disorder such as alopecia areata. Hair loss affects both men and women, and many people suffering from hair loss turn to a cosmetologist for help. By understanding how different products affect hair health, you can make suggestions on better shampoos and conditioners, hair loss treatments and volumizing products.
Hair removal procedures vary. You should not only understand a person’s skin type but also how their hair grows. This ensures you can make removal treatments most effective and minimize discomfort and irritation.
Nail Structure and Care
Manicures & pedicures focus as much on health as aesthetics. In fact, for the trained cosmetologist, applying the right care to a nail is the first step in any service. Like skin and hair, every nail on the human body is made of three layers. You learn during an anatomy course that the dorsal layer is the uppermost layer, similar to the epidermis of the skin. It contains the oldest layers of cells, which are buffed and removed during filing. The intermediate layer of the nail is the thickest, and the ventral layer is underneath. All three layers are composed of keratin, water and an organic compound called lipid.
By understanding how nails grow and what impacts their health, a cosmetologist can apply the right techniques, products and care to each client based on their own needs. You will discover that in cosmetology, there is never a one-size-fits-all approach.
Why Cosmetology Is a Personal Science
Students who want to become a licensed cosmetologist will discover, what you see on the outside of the body reflects what is going on inside the body. Likewise, what you apply to the body can have a big impact on a client’s health and wellness. Beauty experts are not merely people who know how to cut hair or apply makeup; they are professionals who recognize the beauty in the body itself.
On a superficial level, anatomy plays a large role in how a person looks after different services. The skilled cosmetologist does not pick a look and apply it based on preference. They study a person’s bone structure, skin texture and complexion to choose the right application techniques, colors, and styles. This ensures that every look enhances a person’s natural beauty and accentuates their best features. In some cases, makeup applications also help minimize or disguise certain characteristics.
How Do You Become a Cosmetologist?
Every cosmetology professional’s journey starts at a cosmetology school. By enrolling in an accredited program, you can start your path toward a career in hair, nails and/or makeup. Throughout your training, you will study under professionals with years of real experience, discover your talents and build on your potential. When you graduate, you will be prepared to move toward your license as a cosmetologist and even pursue a specialization. The sky is the limit.
Want to Learn More?
At Minnesota School of Cosmetology, we are dedicated to helping our Cosmetology program students develop a solid foundation and a flair for style through hands-on training in basic and advanced industry techniques. You will learn how to cut, color and style hair, give manicures and pedicures, provide spa treatments, and perform various skin care techniques from industry-experienced instructors in a professional salon setting.
Contact us today to learn more about becoming a cosmetologist and start a rewarding career in the beauty industry.